African Antelope Information

Africa with the most extensive wildlife show on earth has an amazing variety of antelope and buck ( 150 species )

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Hwange Park | Chobe River animals

Sable Antelope

A majestic and handsome antelope with a shiny black / dark brown upper coat, white underparts and inner thighs.

Their facial markings are black and white with a long erect main which runs from the top of the neck to the shoulder.

Both sexes have horns which are long, transversely ridged with a very pronounced backwards curve and long narrow ears.

Principally grazers they will browse particularly in the dry season and are dependent upon water

Sables live in areas of light woodland-especially "miombo," a mixture of bush and grassland- but usually avoid open, grassy plains

The Sable is a seasonal breeder - dropping their calves between January to March with a single calf being born after a period of approx. 270 days.

As with most species the sable cow leaves the herd to give birth and the calf remains hidden for some time before joining the herd

Antelope are classified as permanent hollow horns found on the males and only occur in Africa and Asia.

The age of antelope can be calculated from the number of rings on the horns which varies for each species


slideshows Sable Antelope

Sable Antelope Pawprint

Sable

Sable antelope  male Chobe park summer


Roan Antelope

Roan antelope are the second largest antelope found in Africa.
Both sexes carry the back-curved horns, although the cow has a lighter and shorter horn than the bull.

Roan prefer open to lightly wooded grassland - avoiding areas with short grass. They are grazers and rarely browse.
For calcium and phosphorus they will chew bones.

Led by an adult bull they live in herds of up to 12 - larger herds would be from 30 - 80 individuals.

The roan is a magnifient species, horse-like in appearance with very distinct colouring of black and white mask-like facial features, greyish brown in colour with a reddish tinge (roan).

Calves are dropped at any time of the year following a gestation period of approx. 280 days.
The cow will leave the herd a few days prior to giving birth and will remain with the calf for the first few days before returning to the herd.

After feeding the calf will move to a new hiding place so that predators cannot find it by following its mother's scent trail.

 

slideshows Roan antelope

Roan Antelope Pawprint

Roan

Roan antelope Hwange Gugulala

Lechwe antelope

Lechwe is a semi-aquatic antelope often moving in very large herds of several hundred.

They graze knee deep on the flood plain grasses.

At high water, massive herds may be seen along the upper flood line and in the open grassland

As the floods recede the herds move into the grassy floodplain. They feed on grasses and herbs in water up to a meter deep

Mating takes place mainly between December and January. Males fight over small territories known as leks and then mate with several females.

There are three kinds of lechwe found in Zambia.

The Black Lechwe is the darkest of the three, with a rich blackish brown coat and is found only in the Bangweulu swamps of Zambia.

The Kafue Lechwe has larger and longer horns than the other two species with dark shoulder patches and a light brown coat. It is found in the floodplains of Lochinvar.

The Red Lechwe found in the Busanga area of Kafue National Park is yellowish red in colour and dark brown markings on the legs. The legs of the Red Lechwe are covered in a water repelling substance allowing them to run quite fast in knee-deep water

slideshows Red Lechwe antelope

Lechwe antelope Pawprint

Lechwe

Lechwe antelope Chobe Park Botswana

Waterbuck

The waterbuck: when hunted or when it gets much older, it secretes a substance that causes it's flesh to take on a pungent smell and an unpleasant taste. This keeps the predators at bay, for they rarely want to waste energy on a kill they cannot eat

The purpose of the white ring marking is not clearly understood, but it could be an aid to help young when moving through thick vegetation

Waterbuck are dependent on water and are never far from rivers and dams

Waterbuck are predominantly grazers but do browse.

Only the bull waterbuck has a long heavily ringed horn which curves backwards and then forwards towards the tips.

Waterbuck bear a single calf born after a gestation period of 280 days

 

slideshowsWaterbuck

Waterbuck Pawprint

Waterbuck

waterbuck male Kruger Park

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