Zambia Tourism Facts & Tourist Attractions
Travelers Information for Vacation Holidays and Safaris to Zambia
With a third of the country devoted to conservation, Zambia offers the adventure visitor some of the best wilderness and wildlife areas in Africa
Zambia’s top 10 Tourist Attractions
South Luangwa Zambia’s premier game park noted for its dense concentrations of game, with over 50 mammal and 400 bird species; the Luangwa river boasts more hippos and crocodiles than any other river in Africa
- Liuwa Plains Scene of dramatic blue wildebeest migrations with the attendant predators lion, leopard, cheetah and the endangered wild dog
- Kafue One of Africa’s biggest parks, with huge herds of antelope and superb lion sightings in the northern Busanga Plains; high concentrations of water birds occur on the flats
Bangweulu Swamps The floodplains are renowned for high concentrations of water birds, of which millions feed in the nutrient rich shallows; it also attracts the endemic acquatic black lechwe antelope by the thousands
Lochinvar National Park Regarded as holding the world record for the highest diversity of bird species (428 in only 410 square kilometres); over 30,000 Kafue lechwe antelope, found nowhere else in the world, roam here
Lusaka In the capital, don’t miss the colourful markets, Munda Wanga Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Kalimba Reptile Park, Kabwata Cultural Village, Lusaka Museum, Zintu Community Museum of Arts and Crafts and the Copper Art Centre
Livingstone in town, see the Mosi-oa-Tunya Zoo, the Livingstone Museum, the Railway Museum, Maramba Cultural Village, Mukuni tribal village, traditional ceremonies and markets. Nearby canoe or cruise on a boat along the upper Zambezi, go white water rafting, bungi jump off Vic Falls bridge, micro-light over the Falls and Batoka Gorge or go on horse riding, hiking or birding trails
Lake Kariba Offers prime fishing, water sports, houseboating and lake camping
Lake Tanganyika Africa’s deepest and longest lake offers great scuba diving and hiking to the top of Kalambo falls, the second highest in Africa at 220m; other water sports, fishing and game viewing can be enjoyed at Sumbu park on the shore
Lower Zambezi Excellent game viewing by boat or canoe; home to one of the largest remaining elephant herds in the world; also see buffalo and hippo at close range and birds in abundance
Language English is the official language and all media and business is conducted in it. There are over 73 tribal dialects of which the main languages are Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga, Luvale, Lozi, Mambwe and Tumbuka.
New Years’ Day (1 Jan); Youth Day (12 Mar); Good Friday (9Apr); Easter Monday (12 Apr); Labour Day (1 May); Africa Day (25 May); Heroes Day (5 Jul); Unity Day (6 Jul); Farmers’ Day (2 Aug); Defence Day (12 Aug); Independence Day (24 Oct); All Saint’s Day (1 Nov); Christmas Day (25 Dec)
General Information about Zambia
■ A wide range of action adventures, from the legendary walking safari to river rafting on the mighty Zambezi, allows the enjoyment of nature at its wildest and most exhilirating
■ A birder and angler’s paradise, Zambia has recorded more than 740 bird species in areas of great scenic beauty
■ Has some of the best fresh water fishing available including excellent Tiger fishing
■ Zambia is one of the most stable countries in Africa, with 73 tribes living in harmony. People are very friendly and display a rich cultural heritage during their vivid traditional ceremonies, which is open to Westerners to witness their ancient and timeless mystique
Electricity: 220volts, 50Hz. Plugs are 3-pin square.
Office Hours: 8am-1pm and 2pm-5pm Mon-Fri
Shopping Hours: 8am-5pm Mon-Fri (some till 7pm); 8am-1pm on Sat (some till 5pm)
Banking Hours: 8.30am-2.30pm Mon-Fri (few open on Sat)
There are three distinct seasons: Aug-Oct is warm to hot and dry offering the best time for game viewing as water is scarce; Nov-Mar is hot with thundershowers, but excellent bird watching season as migrants come from the north; and Apr-Jul when days are dry and warm and evenings and early mornings are cold – also good for game viewing
1 Kwacha = 100 Ngwee. Foreign exchange is at authorized banks and bureaux de change. American Express is widely used, with more limited use of Access/MasterCard, Diners Club and Visa. US dollar traveller’s cheques are recommended.
Duty Free Allowances
– USD150 worth of goods (not including list below)
– 400 cigarettes or 500g of cigars or 500g of tobacco
– 2,5 litres of wine – 1,5 litres of spirits – 2,5 litres of beer – 1oz of perfume
– Souvenirs may be exported without restriction but game trophies such as tooth, bone, horn, shell, claw, skin, hair, feather or other durable items are subject to export permits
Tipping Tipping in hotels has been abolished by law, but a 10 percent tip may be expected or included in bills elsewhere
Social Conventions: The majority follow traditional animist beliefs and this is reflected in their social culture and customs. Hand shaking is the common form of greeting.
Time Difference: GMT+2
Livingstone Zambia Tourism
10 kms from the Victoria Falls – Livingstone is the Tourist and Adventure capital
of Zambia with 5 star lodges & Adrenalin Activities
■ Previously the capital of Zambia before it was moved to Lusaka, Livingstone is fast becoming a major player in the tourism stakes of the Victoria Falls.
■ Livingstone itself is being upgraded with new shopping complexes and with plenty of accommodation choices the traveler is well catered for.
■ Although Livingstone is a fairly safe town be careful walking around at night as there are very few streetlights.
Taxis are freely available for hire or hop on a mini bus to get to the Falls
Museums The Livingstone Museum is Zambia’s national museum tracing the history of man in Zambia
■ The Railway Museum features the restored Zambezi Saw Mills loco shed builidngs and traces the history of the railway in Zambia
■ The Victoria Falls Field Museum stands on an archaeological site – on display are stone tools used by our ancestors some 2.5 millions years ago.
Running along a strip of riverine bush which stretches approx. 12 kms up river, the Zambezi National Park or Mosi O Tunya National Park contains giraffe, elephant, white rhino, buffalo, zebra, sable, eland, wildebeest as well as kafue lechwe.
Shopping for Curios and Souvenirs
■ the Mukuni Crafts centre at the Falls has a huge array of curios from the largest wooden giraffe in Africa to beautiful batiks
■ From intricate animal carvings in stone, wood, or the beautiful green malachite, masks, drums, marimbas, spoons, book ends, walking sticks, jewellery and much more
■ Be prepared to bargain your T-shirt, battery or even shoes
■ To view the Falls, there is a network of walkways over the abyss and a steep track down to the base of the falls.
■ This World Heritage Site, is truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience as the Zambezi river tears headlong over the 1.7km expanse down into the chasm 110 metres below it
■ Livingstone has its own international airport (LVI) and flights arrive daily.
■ British Airways and SAA fly between Livingstone and Johannesburg
By Bus The Euro-Bus travels between Lusaka and Livingstone – a journey of some 470 kms taking between 5 to 6 hours.
■Rent a car and drive yourself.
■ For the international self driver, roads lead into Livingstone from Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe).
■ Temporary import permits can be purchased at the port of entry.
■ Zambian third party insurance is mandatory.