Botswana Health Requirements

Travellers health advisory for Safaris and Travels to Botswana

Innoculations are NOT required if you are from the West. However, it would be wise, before leaving home, to make sure that your injections for Polio, Cholera, and Tetanus are up to date, and will cover you for the time you will be away

Please consult your doctor and also check with your health department prior to departure for any changes in health regulations.


Malaria transmission is at its highest during the warmer and wetter months of November through to April.

From May through to October the risks of acquiring malaria are reduced

Malaria is transmitted by a very small percentage of female Anopheles mosquitoes. They are only active in the early evening and throughout the night, at the times when one is usually sleeping or sitting around the campfire.

It is recommended that you take a course of anti-malaria prophylactics prior to departure.

Continue the course of prophylactics during your stay as well as after your journey particularly if you are visiting northern Botswana from November to May

In the remote park areas the chances of contacting malaria are low, even in summer, as it is transmitted from human (infected) to human by the female Anopheles mosquitoe

Malaria is not a serious problem if you are sensible and take basic precautions

Malaria general advice

Malaria symptoms

Yellow Fever
If you are entering Botswana from areas infected with Yellow Fever all travellers will be required to show vaccination certificates

Drinking Water
tap water is safe with mineral water readily available in most tourist centers

It is very important that you drink plenty of water especially during the warmer months. It is generally recommended that guests drink at least 2 to 3 liters (4 to 6 pints) of water per day to limit the effects of dehydration. This excludes tea, coffee and alcoholic beverages, which act as diuretics and can actually contribute to dehydration.

Bilharzia is endemic – swimming in any river or stream is not advised due to the presence of crocodiles and bilharzia.

Be aware of tsetse flies and when walking in the bush check for ticks at the end of the walk. Insect repellents are advised.

There are no other health issues that one needs to be overly concerned with. Botswana is a hot, dry and dusty country – hats and sunscreen are strongly recommended.

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