Roan - hippotragus equinus

Roan antelope are the second largest antelope found in Africa and a matriarchal society.


Both sexes carry the back-curved horns, although the cow has a lighter and shorter horn than the bull.

Roan prefer open to lightly wooded grassland – avoiding areas with short grass. They are grazers and rarely browse.
For calcium and phosphorus they will chew bones.

The roan is a magnifient species, horse-like in appearance with very distinct colouring of black and white mask-like facial features, greyish brown in colour with a reddish tinge (roan).

Mass: Male 280 kg / Female 250 kg
Horn Length: 90 cm
Shoulder Height: Male 155cm / Female 145 cm

Herd strength

Led by an adult bull they live in herds of up to 12 – larger herds would be from 30 – 80 individuals.

Life Expectancy

17 years

Defense Strategies

Enemies include lion, leopard, hyena, wild dog and crocodile


Predominantly grazers but will browse if grazing is poor.
They will completely submerge their heads to get at underwater plants.
They chew bones for the calcium and phosphorus content.


Calves are dropped at any time of the year following a gestation period of approx. 280 days.

The cow will leave the herd a few days prior to giving birth and will remain with the calf for the first few days before returning to the herd.

After feeding the calf will move to a new hiding place so that predators cannot find it by following its mother’s scent trail

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