Buffalo Facts & information

The African or Cape buffalo (syncerus caffer) member of the Big Five group of animals, with pictures & facts

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Description
• buffalo are massive – heavily built and powerful with a cattle like appearance
weighs up to 800 kg with a shoulder height of 1.5 meters
large and heavy horns curve down and outwards – then upwards and inward
both sexes have horns with the male developing a more gnarled “boss” as they grow older which can not always be penetrated even by a rifle bullet
sight and hearing are both rather poor – but scent is well developed in buffalo’s
although quiet for the most part – the animals do communicate. In mating season they grunt and emit hoarse bellows. A calf in danger will bellow mournfully bringing herd members running at a gallop to defend it

Distribution
in southern Africa the largest populations can be found in Kruger National Park (South Africa); Hwange and the Zambezi floodplains (Zimbabwe); the Okavango delta and Chobe National Park (Botswana)

Behaviour
• they move in large herds often over 400 strong and most times behind the herd a lion pride can be found
•  there are smaller bachelor herds of four to five. Occasionally solitary ones live alone and do not associate with the larger breeding herds
•  being a bulk grazer they are responsible for converting long grasslands into short grassy environments conducive to other browsers with more selective feeding habits
•  buffalo are one of the only animals that purposefully circle back onto their own trail to “hunt” the pursuer
•  popular trophies for hunters – these large and often dangerous animals are unpredictable and can be deadly if cornered or wounded. ‘Dagga Boys’ are called widow makers
•  “Dagga Boys” are old Cape buffalo who have been kicked out of the herd. Dagga means “mud” in Zulu & gets rid of parasites
•   during the dry season they are the preferred prey of lion. If attacked the adults form a circle around the young and face outward
• thus predators do not have a major impact on buffalo herds; it is the old solitary-living males called ‘Dagga Boys’ that are most likely to be taken by lions
• by lowering their heads and presenting a solid barrier of sharp horns – it is difficult for predators to seize a calf. This effective group defense even allows blind and crippled members of the herd to survive

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