Toiletries and First Aid • Personal toiletries and medications in a small bag, not a vanity case
• Sunscreen lotion and block out for the face
• Botswana is considered a malaria area and preventative medications should be taken
• Malaria prophylaxis
• Mosquito repellents / lotion / spray
• Toilet paper (this is only necessary if you prefer 2 or 3 ply toilet paper)
• Waterproof/zip lock bags for storing personal items and camera cards to keep dust free and/or dry.
• Personal First Aid Kit
Please note: A First Aid Kit will be present throughout the safari but personal
medicines must be brought for the duration of the safari
What to bring
luggage to consist of
• one large kit bag.
• no hard suitcases (max. weight = 12kg).
• one item of hand luggage (e.g. A small backpack).
• Passport (must be valid at least another 6 months from date of entry) and valid visas
• Warm Sleeping Bag.
• Torch with spare batteries and globes.
• Warm Jacket.
• Swimming Costume.
• Natural Clothing (i.e. No bright colours).
• A pair of lightweight long pants and a lightweight long sleeve shirt (to use against the sun).
• Comfortable walking shoes and strops/sandals.
• Camera Equipment, Binoculars, and lots of spare memory cards & batteries.
• Water bottle.
• Personal Toiletries in small bag, not a vanity case.
• Suntan Lotion and block out for the face.
• Malaria Prophylaxis.
• Mosquito repellant lotion/spray.
Safaris are equipped with the luxuries required for travel comfort and peaceful relaxation (custom-built safari vehicles, a mobile kitchen serving good wholesome food with an African flavour and ice-cold drinks for that tropical sundowner) while still maintaining the exhilarating adventurous spirit of the pioneer.
The vehicle model we have come to trust is a Landrover Defender TD5. We strip the vehicles apart and made them 2m wide and 5 m long. This now allows us to seat up to 16 guests. However, to make it even more comfortable, we have limited our maximum capacity to 12 guests on our Semi Participation Safaris and a maximum of 9 guests on our Fully Serviced Safaris. This allows plenty of space on each row for daypacks, camera equipment and space between guests. Each vehicle has 4 rows with a maximum of 3 guests per row for increased guest comfort and space. Our seats are bench seats to allow for great flexibility and are not bucket seats which can be restricting. Each vehicle has coil springs with double shocks – this reduces the bouncing felt by guests on very bumpy bush roads.
Another crucial feature beside the comfort and provided space is visibility out of the vehicle. All our
Safari Vehicles are fitted with a windscreen that can be placed flat on the bonnet so guests can enjoy unobstructed views/photographic opportunities on game drives. Further the canvas roof is removable, which enables guests to stand up on seats and enjoy the sights and smells of the African bush from a higher perspective. Perspex windows can be easily put up to protect against the cold and rain or wind on long drives. There is no separation between the guide and the guests which allows for communication and interaction between the guest/guide at any time.
Additionally, we also provide extra features which we found important during a safari. Every vehicle has a fridge for cold beverages for that perfect sun downers or a cool drink during game drives in the hot African Bush. There is an inverter (220VAC with two pin euro plug adapter) that guests are welcome to use to charge camera batteries. The side door can be folded down completely and provides easy access and exits – which is more convenient than climbing up and down a high vehicle as it is with the usual safari vehicles
All our customised safari vehicles are extra wide allowing for more seating space and have:
Removable canvas roof
Perspex windows for the cold and rain
Fridge for cold beverages
Folding side door
Comfortable coil spring suspension
120L water tank with tap
Open sides for unobstructed views.
Our custom designed vehicles and trailers are ideally suited for photographic safaris in the African bush.
– Chair box for easy access
– Easy modular packing system – saves time
– Folding side table complete with full kitchen behind
We offer two styles of camping safaris: Semi Participation Safaris and Fully Serviced Safaris
– High slung bucket showers
– 2.1m x 2.1m x 1.75m easy-to-erect bow tents which have treated mosquito mesh covering all the windows and doors.
– Comfortable 5cm high density foam camping mattresses
– 3m x 3m x 1.95m bow tents which have treated mosquito mesh covering all the windows and doors.
– Comfortable camp bed with bedrolls and bedding for each guest.
– En-suite bush ablutions consist of high slung bucket showers and bush toilets with private canvas screens
Life at camp / on safari
Meals are served in a tranquil setting next to the campfire in the African bush. Traditional meals are prepared on the open fire by the camp assistant.(towels are also provided).
Accommodated Safari Vehicle
A 14-seater air-conditioned minibus with integrated fridge and trailer
Departure Dates 2019 15 Days Multi Country mobile Safari Camping Tour through Botswana, Namibia and Zambia
CODE DATES SEASON
BWE 1904 30 Mar – 13 Apr Low BWE 1905 13 – 27 Apr Low BWE 1905 27 Apr – 11 May Low BWE 1907 11 – 25 May Low BWE 1908 25 May – 08 Jun Low BWE 1909 15 – 29 Jun Low BWE 1910 29 Jun – 13 Jul High BWE 1911 13 – 27 Jul High BWE 1912 27 Jul – 10 Aug High BWE 1913 10 – 24 Aug High BWE 1914 24 Aug – 07 Sept High BWE 1915 07 – 21 Sept High BWE 1916 21 Sep – 05 Oct High BWE 1917 05 – 19 Oct High BWE 1918 26 Oct – 09 Nov High BWE 1919 09 – 23 Nov Low BWE 1920 23 Nov – 07 Dec Low BWE 1921 07 – 21 Dec Low
The Buffalo Special safari starts with an extra night on a concession bordering Moremi Game Reserve to allow for extra time in the bush at the exact same rate as our standard Buffalo Safari.
Two options are available to start theBuffalo Safari Special version
Option 1: pre night in Maun
You can land in Maun the day before the safari starts, have time to do your drink shopping, relax, and if you wish embark on an optional scenic flight over the spectacular Okavango Delta. AfriSafaris can assist with pre-safari arrangements (accommodation, transfers, etc.).
Option 2:transfer straight from the airport to the campsite
You can land in Maun on the day the safari starts and dive into the bush straight away! If you wish to do so, we can assist you to organise a transfer to the community campsite located outside Moremi Game Reserve
Days 1: Community campsite at the doorstep of Moremi Game Reserve (L,D)
The safari starts in Maun at 09:00 am from where you will be transferred to the edge of the Delta to meet your team and start your exploration of Botswana’s fantastic wilderness. After a relaxing lunch overlooking the Santantadibe floodplain, you will proceed through quaint villages renowned for their talented basket weavers. Your first night will be spent in a concession located outside Moremi Game Reserve.
Day 1: Maun – community campsite outside Moremi: 110km, 4 to 5 hours (including lunch break)
N.B. If you do not wish to pre night and prefer choosing option 2 to start your safari (see above) you will reach the campsite and meet your team late afternoon (dinner only).
Days 2-4: Moremi Game Reserve, Camping
Early morning, you will drive through to Moremi Game Reserve, one of the best wilderness areas of Botswana which covers swamp and dry areas. During a short break en-route, your guide will give you a full overview of your safari. The next three days will be spent searching for the wide variety of wildlife and birds that this area is renowned for while absorbing the sounds and beauty of this region. Game drives in the early morning as the sun rises and in the late afternoon as the sun sets will be the norm. After your morning game drives, you will return to camp for lunch and a siesta. On Day 4 you will move campsites to explore a different area of this diverse park. Camping will be in private designated campsites with bush ablutions. (B, L, D)
Days 5-7: Chobe National Park, Camping
Chobe National Park, with its diverse and striking landscapes, will be your next destination. As you continue your search for wildlife, you will traverse the drier region of Savuti where bull elephants dot the plains. You will then head northwards to the Chobe River where your game drives will meander along the banks of the river, followed by the call of the majestic African Fish Eagle. Camping will be in private designated areas with bush ablutions, first in the Savuti area (Day 5), then in the northern part of the park closer to the riverfront (Day 6 & 7). (B, L, D)
Day 5: Eastern Moremi – Savuti: 120km, 7-8h (transfer and game drive)
Day 6: Savuti – Chobe River: 170 km, 5-6h (transfer and game drive)
Days 8-9: Livingstone, Zambia, comfortable lodge
After a short morning game drive you will cross the Zambezi River by ferry and then drive to Livingstone on the Zambian side of the Victoria Falls (Visa required), where you will spend the night at a comfortable lodge. In the afternoon there will be time to visit the thunderous Victoria Falls and shop for curios. Dinner will be at your own expense at the lodge.
The safari officially endsat 10h00 on Day 9.
Afrisafaris is happy to arrange post-tour accommodation, activities and transfers to airports or lodges, Victoria Falls airport or lodges or Kasane, Botswana, at an additional cost. Activities in Livingstoneinclude White Water Rafting down the Zambezi Gorge, Canoeing on the upper Zambezi, Elephant rides and Helicopter Flights over the Victoria Falls, please ask your guide for further details.
(Day 8 – B, L & Day 9 – B)
Day 8: Chobe River – Livingstone: 100km, 2-3h (including border crossing)
Camping Accommodation and equipment (spacious bow tents with mattresses), rooms at a comfortable lodge in Livingstone, all transfers and activities as per the itinerary, all meals that are indicated (B – breakfast, L –lunch, D – dinner) and tea/coffees, services of a Professional Guide and Camp Assistant, all Botswana park fees for activities included on itinerary and transport in specialised safari vehicles.
Does not include:
Restaurant meals (Livingstone, Zambia), entrance to the Falls, visas, airport transfers, tips, curios, optional excursions (activities in Livingstone/Victoria Falls,), beverages (alcohol, soft drinks and bottled mineral water), Insurance to cover for cancellation and curtailment, medical, baggage, emergency evacuation, sleeping bag (and small pillow) on all camping sectors, any increase in National Park Fees.
ABOUT OUR SEMI PARTICIPATION SAFARIS
Description: camping safari requiring a minimum participation from the guests, i.e.: setting up the tent and packing it / carrying their bag from/to vehicle at campsites. The rest of the camp chores are carried out by our team made up of one guide and one camp assistant.
Equipment: Tents are 2.1m x 2.1m x 1.75m. A 5cm high density foam mattress is provided for each guest. Ablutions are shared and bush ablutions set up by our team when staying in game reserves and national park campsites.
Vehicle: 4×4 safari custom built vehicles & trailers
# of guests: Max 12 pax – departure is guaranteed as soon as we have confirmed 1 guest (except Hyena Safari: min. 6 pax – max 10 pax)
Itineraries: We have 8 different Semi Participation Safari programs: Leopard safari (17 days), Lion safari (15 days), Elephant safari (15 days), Fish Eagle safari (11 days), Buffalo “Special” safari (9 days), Buffalo Classic safari (8 days), Kalahari safari (7 days) – and once a year the Hyena Safari (14 or 18 nights)
Profile: Adventures maintaining the exhilarating spirit of the pioneer.
Die Fish Eagle Safari bietet einen sehr ausführlichen Einblick in die wilde und tierreiche Naturschönheit Botswanas
Tour Code: BWF : 10 Nächte / 11 Tage Trail
Die Teilnehmer erleben eines der größten Naturwunder, das Okavango Delta, sowie die phantastischen Wildreservate Moremi, Savuti und Chobe.
Okavango Delta & Mokoro Exkursion
Motorbootfahrt im Delta
Optional kann ein Flug über das Delta gebucht werden (EUR TBA pro Person)
3 Nächte Moremi Game Reserve
3 Nächte Chobe National Park
Freiwilliger Besuch der Victoria Wasserfälle, Livingstone, Sambia (US$ 20, Preis kann varieren)
1 Nacht in einer komfortablen Lodge in Livingstone
Bemerkung:Da die Safari am ersten Tag um 07.30 Uhr beginnt, müssen die Gäste die vorhergehende Nacht in Maun verbringen und die Getränke für die Safari kaufen, bevor die Safari anfängt.AfriSafaris.comkann Ihnen gerne beim Organisieren (Buchen dieser ersten Nacht, Transport) behilflich sein.
Tag 1-2 Okavango Delta, Camping:
Die Safari beginnt in Maun, wo Sie sich um 07.30 Uhr mit Ihrem Reiseführer bei einem abgesprochenen Treffpunkt treffen. Ihr Abenteuer bringt Sie von Maun aus in Richtung Nordwesten zur westlichen Seite des Okanvango Deltas, eine paradiesische Ecke. Während einer kurzen Pause unterwegs wird Ihnen Ihr Reiseleiter eine umfassende Uebersicht über Ihre Safari geben. Nachdem die Ausrüstung auf Motorboote verladen ist, fahren Sie entlang von Papyrus gesäumten Kanälen und geniessen die einmalige Vogelwelt und die erstaunliche Landschaft. Tiefer im Delta steigen Sie vom Motorboot auf traditionellen Mokoros (Einbäume) um und geniessen die ruhige Fahrt zu einer Insel. Sie werden zwei Tage damit verbringen, diese wunderschöne Gegend auf Mokorofahrten und geführten Wanderungen auf den Inslen des Okavangodeltas zu erkunden. Wildes Campen mit Buschtoilette und Buschdusche.
(1.Tag F, A / 2. und 3.Tag F, M, A)
Tag 1: Maun – Okavango Delta: 320km, 4h
WICHTIG: Das Fahrzeug und der Anhänger werden vom 1. Tag (13h) bis zum 3.Tag (9h) auf einem privaten Platz am Rand des Deltas zurückgelassen. Sie werden Ihr Hauptgepäck im Anhänger lassen und nur ein kleines Gepäck (Rucksack, Handgepäck) mit dem, was Sie für 2Tage benötigen, mitnehmen. Die Fahrt vom Festland erfolgt mit dem Motorboot und den traditionellen Einbaumbooten (Mokoros).
Tag 3 Maun, Camping:
Inspiriert von der Schönheit des Okavangos, kehren Sie zurück zu Ihrem Fahrzeug und fahren nach Maun. Als Alternative zur Fahrt besteht die Möglichkeit eines Fluges zurück nach Maun über das Okavango-Delta (EUR TBA pro Person). Diese magische Erfahrung zeigt Ihnen das einmalige Wassersystem des Okavangodeltas aus einer anderen Perspektive. Falls Sie sich für den Flug entscheiden, verbringen Sie bis zum Abflug einen gemütlichen Nachmittag auf dem Zeltplatz im Delta, wo Sie Zeit haben zu lesen oder Postkarten zu schreiben. Ihr Guide fährt zurück nach Maun, um dort die Vorräte aufzufüllen unddie nächste Etappe Ihres Abenteuers vorzubereiten. Nachdem Sie vom Flughafen abgeholt wurden, haben Sie Zeit die Getränke einzukaufen und werden danach auf einem Zeltplatz ausserhalb von Maun übernachten (fixe Duschen /Toiletten). (F, M, A)
Tag 3: Okavango Delta – Maun: 320km, 4h
Tage 4-6 Moremi Game Reserve, Camping:
Von Maun aus werden wir das Moremi Game Reserve, das als eines der besten Wildbeobachtungsgebiete Botswanas gilt, durchqueren. Moremi bietet sowohl Sumpf- als auch Trockenzonen. Die nächsten drei Tage werden Sie die für ihren enormen Wild- und Vogelreichtum bekannte Region erforschen und die Schönheit und Stille der Natur auf sich wirken lassen können. Pirschfahrten am frühen Morgen bei Sonnenaufgang und am späten Nachmittag bis Sonnenuntergang machen die Tage im Moremi Game Reserve zu einem unvergesslichen Erlebnis. Nach den Morgendlichen Pirschfahrten kehren Sie fürs Mittagessen und eine Siesta zurück zum Kamp. Am 6.Tag werden sie den Campingplatz wechseln, um eine andere Gegend des facettenreichen Naturgebiets zu erforschen. Die privaten Campingplätze sind mitten im Busch, mit Buschtoilette und Buschdusche. (F,M,A)
Tag 4: Maun – Moremi Game Reserve: 150km, 6h (inkl. Pirschfahrt)
Tage 7-9 Chobe National Park, Camping:
Der Chobe Nationalpark mit seiner abwechslungsreichen und atemberaubenden Landschaft wird Ihr nächstes Ziel sein. Auf der Suche nach Wildtieren werden Sie die Trockengebiete von Savuti durchqueren, wo Elefantenbullen die Landschaft dominieren. Ihre Reise führt Sie weiter nach Norden zum Chobe River, wo wir entlang des Flussufers auf Pirschfahrt gehen werden und dabei den Rufen des majestätischen Schreiseeadlers lauschen. Die privaten Campingplätze sind mitten im Busch, mit Buschtoilette und Buschdusche. Die erste Nacht verbringen Sie im Savuti-Sumpfgebiet (7.Tag), danach im nördlichen Teil des Parks näher beim Fluss (8.und 9.Tag) (F,M,A)
Tag 7: Moremi – Savuti: 120km, 5-6h
Tag 8: Savuti – Chobe Fluss: 170km, 5h
Tage 10-11 komfortable Lodge in Livingstone:
Nach einer morgendlichen Pirschfahrt überqueren Sie mit der Fähre den Sambesi und fahren nach Livingstone auf der sambischen Seite der Victoria-Fälle (ein Visum wird benötigt), wo sie die Nacht in einer komfortablen Lodge verbringen werden. Im Nachmittag haben Sie Freizeit und können die Wasserfälle besuchen und Souvenirs kaufen. Das Abendessen in der Lodge ist nicht einbegriffen. Die Safari endet offiziell um 10.00 Uhr am Tag 11.
Bush Ways ist Ihnen gegen Aufpreis gerne behilflich bei der Buchung von Unterkunft, Ausflügen und Transfers nach Livingstone Flughafen oder zur Lodge, zu den Victoria Fällen, oder nach Kasane in Botswana.
Weitere Aktivitäten wie Wildwasser-Rafting in der Sambesischlucht, Kanufahren auf dem oberen Sambesi, Elefantenritte und Helikopter-Rundflüge über die Fälle können unternommen werden. Der Reiseführer kann Ihnen weitere Informationen geben.
Tag 10: Chobe – Victoria Falls: 100km, 2-3h (inkl. Grenzübergang)
F = Frühstück
M = Mittagessen
A = Abendessen
Der Preis enthältalle Unterkünfte (große 2-Personen-Zelte mit Matratzen), Unterkunft in einer Lodge Livingstone, alle Aktivitäten, Transfers und Mahlzeiten wie angegeben (F = Frühstück, M = Mittagessen
A = Abendessen), Leitung durch professionellen, englisch-sprachigen Safari-Guide und Camp Assistant, alle Parkeintritte in Botswana, Transport in offenen, spezialisierten Allrad-Safari-Fahrzeugen.
Nicht enthalten sind: Restaurantmahlzeiten (Livingstone, Sambia), Eintritt zu den Wasserfällen, Getränke (wie Cola und Mineralwasser) und alkoholische Getränke, Visa, Flughafentransfers, optionale Exkursionen (Flug über Delta, Aktivitäte in Livingstone/Victoria Falls), Trinkgelder, Schlafsack (und kleines Kopfkissen), persönliche Ausgaben, Versicherung (Stornierung, Krankenkasse, Gepäck, Evakuierung im Notfall), jede Erhöhung der Nationalpark Gebühren.
7 days safari offering an insight into the culture of the San Bushmen
It’s ideal for the adventure enthusiast offering breathtaking scenery, desert wildlife & the privilege of an introduction to the traditional lifestyle of theBushman
We are glad you will be coming along with us to the heart of the Kalahari, into the mouth of adventure and to the edge of your wildest dreams.
4 nights Central Kalahari Game Reserve
1 Overnight at a comfortable lodge in Maun.
Please note:As the safari starts at 07h30 on Day 1 it is a requirement that you pre-night in Maun and purchase drinks for your safari the day before your safari starts. We can assist with pre-safari arrangements
Day 1: Hainaveld – Bushman Experience, camping
The safari begins in Maun, where your guide will meet you at 07h30 at a prearranged meeting point.
You will travel 170km to a game farm on the northern border of the Central Kalahari Game reserve, set up camp and have a safari briefing. In the afternoon you will participate in a nature walk led by local Bushmen trackers.
They will share their intricate bush knowledge and give you an insight into their unique and intriguing culture. (L, D) Day 1: Maun – game farm in Hainaveld area (northern border CKGR) : 180km, 4hours
Days 2-5: Central Kalahari Game Reserve, camping
You will wake up as the sun rises and enter the pristine wilderness of the largest game reserve in Botswana. (45km) The next four days will be exploring the undeveloped wilderness of the northern region of the Kalahari, moving from camp to camp.
You will visit Passarge Valley and Deception Valley in your exploration of the Kalahari.
Savour the vast open spaces, clear night skies and uninterrupted beauty on game drives and at camp.
This is adventure camping in its purest form as water and communications are limited and we travel as a self-sufficient group.
Camping is in a designated campsite with fixed/bush ablutions. (B, L, D)
Day 2: Game Farm in Hainaveld – Central Kalahari Game Reserve: 120km, 4 – 5 hours (including game drive) Days 3 – 5: Extended game drives
Day 6: Maun, comfortable lodge
After our final morning game drive in the Kalahari we break camp and return to Maun where our last night will be enjoyed in the comfort of a lodge. Dinner is at your own expense at the lodge.
The safari officially ends at 08h00 on Day 7. We can assist with your onward travel arrangements. (B, L)
Deception Valley, Central Kalahari – Maun: 340km, 5-6 hours
All accommodation (spacious bow tents with mattresses), rooms at a comfortable lodge in Maun, all transfers and activities as per the itinerary, all meals that are indicated (B – breakfast, L –lunch, D -Dinner) and tea/coffees, services of a Professional Guide and Camp Assistant, all Botswana park fees for activities included on itinerary and transport in specialised safari vehicles.
Does not include:
Restaurant meals (Maun), visas, airport transfers, tips, curios, optional excursions, beverages (alcohol, soft drinks and bottled mineral water), Insurance to cover for cancellation and curtailment, medical, baggage, emergency evacuation, sleeping bag (and small pillow) on all camping sectors.
The San people of southern Africa are among Africa’s most intriguing people. Genetic evidence suggests that they are some of the earth’s most ancient people, having been around for the past 22,000 years.
These itinerant hunter-gatherer people have for ages resided in and around the Kalahari Desert. They have amazingly defied the Kalahari’s harshness, and can even claim to have mastered it
san people picture : close up of woman ( notice the absence of a ear lobe)
The San have always lived a distinctly aboriginal lifestyle. Through the generations, they have told their story through song and folklore, and the rock paintings that are found across large areas of southern Africa. Commonly referred to as the Bushman tribe, there are today about 100,000 of them. In Botswana (50,000), South Africa (4,500), Namibia (38,000), Zambia (1,600), and Zimbabwe (1,200) by the count of the Working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA).
The San are believed to have inhabited the entire south of the African continent, way before the migration of the Bantu. They were displaced by the southward movement of the Zulu, Nguni, Sotho, Khoi Khoi, Nama, and other African groups. As they did not keep livestock, they did not appear to have any use for pasture. They retreated northwards and permanently occupied the drier regions. It is by their adaptation in the Kalahari- which means ‘Great Thirst’ – that they have earned a name for themselves as ultimate survivors.
Though a new birth is important, death is even more significant. The spot where a San dies is avoided, and camp must be shifted after the event. The family immediately buries its dead, and never intentionally goes back or crosses the place of burial. If accident or necessity forces them back, they throw small stones at the grave, and mumble under their breath as they seek peace with the spirit of the departed.
The San have no centralised political system or social hierarchy, and decisions touching on community affairs are arrived at through consensus of both male and female adults, and at times even children are consulted. When consensus fails, the opinion of the older members of the band is granted more weight. But when a tie is apparent among the elders or among age-mates, the name rule is invoked. The controversy is resolved in favour of the individual named after a more elderly member of the clan.
The San practice a division of labour based on gender: the men hunt, while the women gather. The children usually just trail along, helping where they can as they assimilate the experience of adults. The older members of the band mostly remain at camp, and watch over the children when their parents are out hunting and gathering.
This is an opportunity for the elders to pass on their extensive knowledge of their world to the children in the form of stories and song. The San are excellent mimics, and it is fun all round as they mimic various animals, while asking the children to name the animal in play. The elderly are the pillars of San spiritual life. This is an important role as the San are quite a spiritual people, believing in the supernatural world and the existence of a supreme God. This belief permeates everyday life, and nearly every aspect of their simple lives has a spiritual dimension. For example, they believe that to hunt is to dance in the spirit.
The San have a keen and highly trained eye for the hunt. Fresh animal droppings are an easy giveaway. But most of the time, it is not so easy. By analysing animal tracks, they are able to guess how far an animal has gone. This involves observing grass blades, trampled termite nests and other clues in the path taken by an animal.
These observations can yield surprisingly precise details: species, age, sex, and size of an animal. For example an examination of the texture of animal droppings hints at the roughage content, and thus an estimate of an animal’s age: high fibre points a tired digestive system of an older animal
Animals and their interaction with man -especially in the hunt, have a significant role in San society. The men hunt with simple but very effective weapons –bows and arrows. Their hunting and tracking skills are second to none. They tip their arrows with poison obtained from beetles, snakes, scorpions, tree gum and many others from their catalogue of poisonous animals and plants. The arrows are carried in quivers, and are made in such a way that the shaft dislodges from the head on impact. This is to prevent the animal from extricating the poisonous arrowhead and running off
In a hunt, utmost silence is essential for some animals have very sensitive hearing. Hunters communicate only through hand signals and signs.
The hunt is a team work experience, and is a test of character and discipline. Tracking can sometimes go for more than a day, calling for patience and endurance. Once the prey falls within shooting range, the most advantageously placed hunter releases his arrow. There is no rush to immediately subdue the animal, for the poison must be given time to take its toll.
If the prey runs off or goes into hiding, the San call on their intimate knowledge of animal behaviour. They stand at the point where the animal was shot, mimic its movements until they are able to retrace its tracks. This they believe is done from a spiritual dimension.
Knowledge of animal behaviour is an integral part of San socialization. Reading the mood of an animal determines the hunt technique to be deployed. For example the hunters may decide that no subterfuge is required and simply chase an animal to exhaustion. This practice is well captured in a recent documentary film,‘The Great Dance, a Hunter’s Story’. This film about San hunting and tracking was made by James Hersov, Craig and Damon Foster, and Ellen Windemuth.
San bush people hunting
To the San, hunting is an imperative social and spiritual undertaking. It is a cooperative not a competitive affair, where all work together to bring down the prey and share in the reward equally. The person whose arrow brought down the animal has however first priority to pick his portion of choice.
With the San certain animals score higher on the spiritual scale. The eland in particular enjoys high esteem and has a sacred place in the heart of the San. It is only hunted when necessary or for special occasions, for the San believes the eland is first among animals, and is his nearest kin in the animal world.
Folklore instructs them that animals were once humans who after a disagreement turned into elands. All the other animals were subsequently born of the eland. Every time an eland is hunted, is a time of great celebration, divination and dancing. These animals are a great subject in most San rock paintings. The primary daily task of San women is to gather food from the open country, and to take care of the young and the elderly. All the women of a band go out gathering together, each taking her baby kaross, a digging stick and small leather bags. They gather berries and other fruits, tubers, bulbs, nuts, tortoises, lizards, snakes, insects, eggs and small mammals. These foods make a healthy low fat and low calorie diet which keeps the San very lean.
The women are very knowledgeable about the wild things of the veld. They seek out many indicators and can tell what to find where.
For girls, initiation into womanhood is entrusted to nature. Girls are taken as children until their first experience of menstruation. Because of the San’s low fat and calorie diet, this is unlikely to happen until about the age of 19 years. After this event, the women hold a party in the girl’s honour. They perform the ‘eland bull dance’ in which they imitate the animal’s mating dance. At this point, she is considered a woman, ready to be married off to a fine young hunter
It is acceptable for the parents to find a suitor for their daughter. But girls are not pressured to accept, and are still free to come up with their own choice. Like the rest of their lives, the San wedding ceremony is a simple affair. On a set day, the women apply a mixture of eland fat and red ochre on the bride. They sing and make merry as they wait for the groom to return from his hunt. On return, the groom presents his hunt to the bride’s parents, and takes his bride away
The newly weds build their tent-house and start their little hearth. They are free to choose whether to live with the bride’s or groom’s kin. There is no immediate pressure to start a family; the women chew on a special tree bark which has contraceptive properties. If a marriage fails to work, the wife simply returns to her parents’ fireplace, without any life sapping drama.
As the Kalahari has no surface water, the San have had to figure out how to do with little or no water. San women have a way of prospecting for water from the ground using reeds. But this is usually not necessary as their main source of drinking water is the tsamma melon. This blessed fruit is a wild desert melon, whose leaves are usable as vegetables, and its seeds are a source of protein and oil.
The San’s stomach is very strong and versatile. They eat tortoise, lizards, insects, nuts -either raw or roasted, tubers, bulbs, and many little animals and birds. The San waste little – ostrich egg shells are used for water storage, and tortoise shells serve as cutlery.
San children are socialised together regardless of gender. But as the children grow older, the boys are required to tag along with their fathers on hunting trips. This marks the onset of their initiation process. As they gain in knowledge, they are allowed to shoot a few arrows. When judged to be ready they are taken on their first eland hunt, and actually allowed to lead. If the hunt is successful, a boy is automatically initiated into manhood. This is marked by a celebration following the hunt, after which the boy is at liberty to marry and start a family. Unlike many African communities, the San do not practice circumcision.
The San thrive on an economy of gift exchange. They have little understanding of the concept of private ownership, as their demands on the world are so few. Since they are nomads, and are constantly on the move, movable wealth is an unwelcome burden. There is little cause for trade as they share nearly everything they need, while the rest can almost certainly be picked from the bush with only a little exertion.
Animal skins serve as clothing, while a nice robe can be made from fibrous and climber plants. Tools are made from stones, bones, sticks and occasionally, iron.
The San and their peculiar way of life have always confounded many. You can tell this from the names others have bestowed on them. Some communities in Zimbabwe call them ‘Batwa’, a Bantu word meaning ‘people of the unknown’. In Zambia they are referred to as Amasili; Kwankhala in Angola; Basarwa in Botswana, and San in Namibia and South Africa.
San is a Khoikhoi and Nama word meaning ‘outsider’. The Dutch called them ‘Boschjesmanne’ meaning ‘people of the boschveld’, from which the name Bushman is derived. But the different Kalahari San communities call themselves by different names: for example, a Kalahari group living on the border of Botswana and Namibia call themselves the Ju/’hoansi, or “the real people.” The bushman term is however today considered to be derogatory, and in South Africa they are officially referred to as the San.
The San people – and their culture and click consonant language- first came to the attention of the western world in the 1950s through Laurens van der Post’s book ‘The Lost World of the Kalahari’. This outstanding work was later turned into a BBC TV series.
Many more people came to know of the San through the hilarious and unforgettable 1980’s movie “The Gods Must be Crazy”. In this movie, a San band encounters the marvels of the outside world in the form of a coke bottle which falls from a light aircraft. They initially take the bottle to be a gift from heaven, but in the end come to see it as a curse.
Not all of the San are happy with change, and particularly at efforts to move them from their traditional habitats. Together with their international supporters they have recently waged a noisy media campaign against the Botswana government. In 2006 they obtained a reprieve when they won a court case against the government incontesting their forcible move from theCentral Kalahari Game Reservesupposedly to preserve wildlife, but according to some to clear the way for diamond mining.
Today the San and their lifestyle arouse much of the curiosity of tourists. Their ancestral lands also harbour wildlife, and numerous rock art. These ancient artworks -some dating to the Stone Age, are Africa’s oldest art paintings. They can best be seen at Twyfelfontein inNamibia, Drakensberg in Lesotho,TsodiloBotswana, Brandberg, Krugerand Kagga Kamma in South Africa, and theMatobo Hillsof Zimbabwe
The arrival of the Dutch and other colonials in the 17th century in San territory marked the beginning of a very difficult period for the San. They experienced the most barbaric treatment ever meted on a people. The colonials did not concede their humanity- they viewed them as animals, and treated them as such. They shot them at every encounter, and took over much of their land for farming and ranching.
The Dutch also captured the San to serve as slaves and servants. For such a free ranging people, this was a terrible fate, and very few adapted well. The British on their part made attempts to civilize them first, and then domesticate them. They met with little success, and thus began to look at them as vermin and competitors for good and vast grazing fields.
Believe it or not- the British began to issue licences to game hunters to wipe them out. By such measures, the San population in the affected areas was greatly thinned. By 1870, the San of the Cape of Good Hope had been hunted to extinction. The extermination lasted until 1936, when the last of the hunting licenses was issued in Namibia. Most of the San had meanwhile gone into hiding, their population reduced to less than a quarter of what they are today.
The shabby treatment of the San, and that it went on for so long appears shocking today. No one spoke loudly enough for them, and perhaps only the weeping of the angels in heaven finally moved their earthly masters.
At present, about 100,000 San exist across southern Africa, with the largest populations in Botswana and Namibia. The San have remained so stubbornly attached to their traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle, even into the recent past. The promise of stability, together with government efforts has pressured most of them to convert to a modern sedentary lifestyle.
It has been a long struggle -physically and spiritually: they have had to abandon the shaman’s divinations in favour of hospitals, and their children miss out on instruction from elders as they attend schools.
13 nights / 14 day safari to the remote and unexplored north west Zambia Map offering some of the best hyena sightings in the whole of Africa. If you choose to extend your safari you will explore Chobe National Park and Moremi Game Reserve
Much of Liuwa Plains becomes flooded from around December to April. The waters rise in the north, and spread south. This flooding drives the wildebeest & Zebra migration, for which the park is famous; the herds move out of the woodlands to the north, and onto the open plains for new, fresh grazing. Liuwa Plains is 3,660km² ofuntouched Africa and can be as good as a safari ever gets.
Highlights – Extended
Boat cruise on the Chobe River
4 nights in Liuwa plains, Zambia
2 nights at a comfortable lodge in Livingstone, Zambia Optional visit to the Victoria Falls, Livingstone, Zambia
3 nights Chobe National Park
2 nights Moremi Game Reserve.
Itinerary – Liuwa Plains
Days 1 & 2 | Chobe Area, camping
This safari expedition starts in Kasane, Botswana at 13h00. We can assist with pre-tour arrangements such as accommodation and transfers from Livingstone, Zambia or Kasane, Botswana, if required.
On arrival in Kasane your guide will give you a full safari briefing over lunch and take you shopping for your safari drinks. You will then enjoy a game drive into Chobe park and set up camp.
The next day enjoy a morning game drive and an afternoon sunset boat cruise along the Chobe River.
(Day 1 – L, D & Day 2 – B,L,D)
Day 3 | Mango Tree Road, wild camping
Today our journey to Liuwa Plains begins. After a very early start you will travel from Botswana through Namibia, stopping shortly in Katima Mulilo to get some fresh supplies and then into Zambia (Visa required)
After crossing seemingly endless sand dunes covered in teak forests, you will descend onto the Zambezi floodplains and travel along the beautiful and picturesque Mango-Tree-Road which will lead you north to Kalabo.
Beautiful Zambian villages are the highlight of this journey. At the end of this long day you set up camp in the forest to camp wild. Wild camping with bush ablutions (B,L,D)
Days 4-8 | Liuwa Plains National Park, camping
rise with the sun and have an early breakfast before continuing your journey to Liuwa Plains National Park.
On arrival, you will set up camp before exploring this unique area. During this time of the year the wildebeest migration from the Angolan Kameia National Park to the Zambian Liuwa Plains National Park can be expected.
Thousands of wildebeest can be seen making this journey in search of palatable grass, following them are the kings of Liuwa plains, the hyena.
The birdlife is also exceptional in this area.
The next 5 days will be spent exploring this National Park during morning and afternoon game drives.
Wild camping with bush ablutions (B,L,D)
Day 9 | Mango Tree Road, camping
You will leave Liuwa Plains National Park after an early morning drive and retrace your journey back along Mango Tree Road.
Wild camping with bush ablutions. (B,L,D)
Days 10-11 | Sioma Falls, camping
This morning there will be time to visit the local market in Kalabo. You will then head south toward the Sioma Falls. Sioma Falls (also known as Ngonye Falls) are, next to Victoria Falls, the most breathtaking waterfalls in Southern Africa.
The horseshoe-shaped falls are mostly impressive because of the sheer volume of water that cascades over the staggered twenty metre drop. Until now, this pristine wilderness is completely unknown to tourists.
The next two days will be spent exploring the falls, with a picnic lunch by the falls and swimming in the mighty Zambezi on Day 11.
Camping is at a designated campsite with permanent ablutions (B,L,D).
Days 12-14 | Livingstone, Zambia, lodge accommodation
After descending the gruelling road along the western bank of the Zambezi, we cross the river and arrive in Livingstone late afternoon.
You will spend the next 2 nights staying at a comfortable lodge.
During your stay in Livingstone there will be time to visit the thunderous Victoria Falls, enjoy one or more of the many activities on offer in Livingstone and Victoria Falls and shop for curios. The safari officially endsat 10h00 on Day 14.
(Day 12 B, L/Day 13 & 14 B only)
Activities in Livingstoneinclude White Water Rafting down the Zambezi Gorge, Canoeing on the upper Zambezi, Elephant rides and Helicopter Flights over the Victoria Falls, please ask your guide for further details. Reservations and camping Information
You will depart early from Livingstone to catch the ferry at Kazangula across the Zambezi River. Re-enter Botswana and drive to Chobe National Park through Kasane where we will resupply for the next 4 days in Botswana’s famous National Parks.
On Day 14 you will enjoy an afternoon game drive along the Chobe River.
The next day you will leave northern Chobe and head south to the dryer region of Savuti where elephants dot the plains.
Camping will be in designated campsites with bush ablutions. (B,L,D)
Days 16-17 | Moremi Game Reserve Rise with the sun and head southeast to Moremi Game Reserve, one of the best wilderness areas of Botswana which covers swamp and dry areas.
The next two nights will be spent searching for the wide variety of wildlife and birds that this area is renowned for while absorbing the sounds and beauty of this region.
Camping will be in private designated campsites with bush ablutions. (B, L, D)
Day 18 | Safari ends, Maun After a morning game drive we travel south to Maun.(B,L)
PLEASE NOTE THAT THE ZAMBIAN SECTION OF THIS ITINERARY MAY BE SUBJECT TO DAILY CHANGES DUE TO ROAD CONDITIONS
Min 6 pax must be booked on this trip to confirm its departure
Price includes:All accommodation (spacious bow tents with mattresses), rooms at a comfortable lodge in Livingstone, all transfers and activities as per the itinerary, all meals that are indicated (B – breakfast, L –lunch, D – dinner)
and tea/coffees, services of a Professional Guide and Camp Assistant, all Botswana park fees for activities included on itinerary and transport in specialised safari vehicles.
Does not include: Restaurant meals (Livingstone, Zambia), entrance to the Falls, visas, airport transfers, tips, curios, optional excursions (scenic flight over the Delta and activities in Livingstone/Victoria Falls,), beverages (alcohol, soft drinks and bottled mineral water), Insurance to cover for cancellation and curtailment, medical, baggage, emergency evacuation, sleeping bag (and small pillow) on all camping sectors, any increase in National Park